By Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik
An imperative shop of data at the English language, written via a few of the best-known grammarians on this planet.
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The Oxford advisor to English Grammar is a scientific account of grammatical types and how they're utilized in glossy common English. it's designed for rookies at intermediate and complex degrees and for lecturers, and is both appropriate for fast connection with information or for the extra leisured research of grammatical subject matters.
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Additional info for A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language
In which way may the non-head modify the head? Here Brekle’s (1984, 1986) notion of stereotypical relation is pertinent, that is the cognitive scheme that sets the meaning of a head in relation to the meanings of possible subordinated non-heads (cf. also Gagne´ and Spalding, this volume). For example, factory evokes the cognitive scheme of a place where something is produced. Thus the non-head of car factory is easily construed as the internal argument (direct object) of what is produced. And again, when we take German neologisms, such as Ku¨sten-fabrik, Sommer-fabrik ‘coast factory, summer factory’, investigated by Brekle (1984, 1986) and his team (cf.
Warweary), and analogously with minor word classes. Similar classiWcations of the non-head are secondary and subordinated to classiWcation of the head. g. g. g. g. g. g. to dry-farm), etc. Most languages show a clear preference for noun compounding, especially noun-noun compounds. 3 All of the above compounds have their head on the right, which corresponds to a universal preference, called the right-hand head rule by Williams (1981, p. 248). A minority of languages has large classes of left-hand heads as well (cf.
83). Segmental phonological deletions or assimilations may be obligatory in compounds but excluded or optional in phrases, for example It. lung-arno ‘street along the river Arno’ with deletion of the Wnal vowel in the Wrst member adjective lungo ‘long’ (Scalise, 1992). 7 A morphological distinction is relevant in those languages where all members of a phrase are inXected by agreement, whereas parts of a prototypical compound are not (cf. Booij, 2005a, p. 82). For example, the plurals of the above-mentioned German minimal pair are die Hoch-schule-n vs.
A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language by Randolph Quirk, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, Jan Svartvik