By Edmund T. Whittaker
First-class therapy of Electrodynamics and Relativity thought from a decent ancient perspective. Whittaker's perspectives are suppressed simply because he was once courageous sufficient to inform the reality in regards to the actual contributions of Einstein to the Relativity idea (properly attributed to Poincaré and Lorentz).
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Additional resources for A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity - The Classical Theories
Xenophanes, writing in the fifth century, was an opponent of Homeric values and inclined to blame Homer for anything he didn't like, but he v,ras fundamentally correct in asserting of his own age ( Pre-Socratic Science. s work, but they did~much as medieval Europeans revered the teachings of Christ who had lived ten centuries before, and as nventieth-century Africans revere the teachings of their seventh-century prophet, Mohammed. Because the Mycenaean culture as interpreted by Horner played a dominant role in establishing the framework of the traditional Greek values that early scientific thought confronted (and helped to undermine and replace) we must consider what the Mycenaean culture was like and how its ideals were portrayed by Homer and the traditional lyric poets who followed him up to the fifth century.
Though this dualistic emphasis had probably been a feature of Persian religions before their interaction with Babylonian astral religion, it was rapidly adopted and incorporated in a whole group of Gnostic religions whose most pervasive feature was a re- Origin of Science in the Ancient Near East 61 pugnance toward astral determinism. In its Gnostic form the earlier confrontation between the good and evil powers became a confrontation between a good "spiritual" world and an evil "material" universe.
But the practice of horoscopic astrology spread rapidly. c. In the myth of Er, which constitutes the final Book of The Republic, he both recounts a theory of astral "necessity" linked to individuals' fates and rejects the fatalistic implications by arguing that each soul is initially free to "choose" its own fate. 44 After the conquest of Babylon by Alexander astrology was carried throughout the Hellenistic world in the doctrines of Stoicism, which became the dominant philosophical movement of Hellenistic Greece and Rome.
A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity - The Classical Theories by Edmund T. Whittaker