By Rudi Volti
The Sociology of labor and Occupations, moment Edition connects paintings and occupations to the most important topics of sociological inquiry: social and technological switch, race, ethnicity, gender, social category, schooling, social networks, and modes of association. In 15 chapters, Rudi Volti succinctly yet comprehensively covers the adjustments on the earth of labor, encompassing every thing from accumulating and looking to operating in contemporary info Age. This e-book introduces scholars to a hugely suitable research of society at the present time. during this new and up-to-date version, globalization and expertise are each one given their very own bankruptcy and mentioned in nice intensity.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations
4 times more productive than hunting. It is for this reason that the term gathering and hunting, instead of the more conventional hunting and gathering, has been used in this chapter. Kung San groups, as well as other gatherer-hunter societies. Hunting is largely done by men, whereas gathering is for the most part women’s work. Here we see, as we shall see many more times in this book, a gender-based division of labor. Tasks are not apportioned in accordance with aptitude or interest but are determined by what sociologists call ascribed characteristics, attributes that cannot be acquired or changed but simply reflect an accident of birth, in this case whether one was born female or male.
Although this transformation has been dubbed the Agricultural Revolution, change came gradually and incrementally as people combined rudimentary farming with traditional means of obtaining food. 10 In particular, in places where people depended on hunting for a major part of their food supply, the warming of the Earth’s climate at the end of the Pleistocene era around 10,000 years ago may have affected the population size and migratory patterns of game animals, but it is possible that over-hunting by increasingly skillful humans also led to the demise of these animals.
15 Not coincidently, Java is one of the most densely populated places on Earth, and in the absence of modern inputs such as chemical fertilizers and powered farm implements, the only way to feed large numbers of people has been through the application of a great deal of human labor. Preindustrial agriculture reached a high level of development in terms of the ability to support large populations. It also made possible the development of more complex cultures. The greater productivity of agriculture released some members of the population from the daily task of securing food, allowing them to work as priests, artists, craftsmen, and government officials.
An Introduction to the Sociology of Work and Occupations by Rudi Volti